When and why it is important to refactor code
January 9th, 2019
This post is about why I refactored the code for my app called The Cat Whisperer, and what I learned from the experience regarding future developments for the application.
The Cat Whisperer App, available for viewing on Github gh-pages and on my portfolio site there, is a little app I created so that cat lovers could be inspired to write about their cats using the Speech Synthesis API while being inspired by the app’s cat image fader slideshow. There is also music if one wants to listen while writing. The user’s text is saved to session storage. If he/she does reach the 5mb limit, he/she can save it to a
.txtfile and download it on their desktop. In iOS mobile, he/she can save it to an app. I save it to my Wunderlist app, for example. In iOS, however, downloading the session storage text only works (interestingly enough) in Safari. It does not work in Chrome or Firefox. Firefox is no longer supported by iOS anyway.
The Original App (in brief):
📝 The workflow tools:
devDependencies: autoprefixer, babel-core, babel-loader, babel-preset-es2015, browser-sync, del, eslint, gulp, gulp-cssnano, gulp-gh-pages, gulp-imagemin, gulp-modernizr, gulp-postcss, gulp-rev, gulp-uglify, gulp-usemin, gulp-watch, postcss-hexrgba, postcss-import, postcss-mixins, postcss-nested, postcss-simple-vars, webpack
dependencies: jquery, normalize.css, picturefill
Originally I used local storage as a means of for the user to save his/her data to their computer/mobile device and to a
.txt file which they could download and take away. I also used the speechSynthesis API for text-to-speech functionality, a CSS slider for entertainment, accompanied by music when the user either hovered over the image or clicked on a play button. There was also the ability for the user to clear/empty the local storage on their machine.
I used POSTCSS instead of SCSS at the time because I thought it was so cool to be able to style my apps with something that was itself created with JS. POSTCSS can only work with apps driven by npm.
The App Today (in brief):
📝 The workflow tools:
devDependencies: @babel/core, @babel/core, @babel/plugin-proposal-export-namespace-from, @babel/plugin-proposal-object-rest-spread, @babel/plugin-proposal-throw-expressions, @babel/plugin-syntax-dynamic-import, @babel/plugin-transform-modules-commonjs, @babel/plugin-transform-object-assign, @babel/preset-env, babel-core, babel-eslint, babel-loader, clean-webpack-plugin, copy-webpack-plugin, css-loader, eslint, eslint-cli, eslint-config-prettier, eslint-loader, eslint-plugin-import, eslint-plugin-prettier, file-loader, html-webpack-plugin, htmlhint, lint-staged, mini-css-extract-plugin, node-sass, optimize-css-assets-webpack-plugin, postcss, postcss-loader, prettier, rimraf, sass-loader, style-loader, uglifyjs-webpack-plugin, url-loader, webpack, webpack-cli, webpack-dev-server, webpack-merge, workbox-webpack-plugin
dependencies: autoprefixer, gh-pages
Today there are many more devDependencies than before, but the actual code it takes to create the workflow is much more terse. It is also the latest and greatest in Open Source that is so very well maintained! With the advent of Node Security mid last year, maintainers can’t hide behind a curtain anymore. If there are vulnerabilities or security issues, we developers find out about them immediately. Something may pass as secure one week, and as soon as the next may reveal a vulnerability. They range from very low to critical!
Speaking of security issues and vulnerabilities, after noting that the local storage of a couple of of my apps, this one being one of them, shared data with each other on my machine, I decided to bag local storage and replace it with session storage. So now users can save their cat story data during an app session, but once they close out on it, the data does not persist in storage and is lost. The best of both worlds that way.
When I learned that POSTCSS did not offer the wide range of features provided by SCSS/SASS, I switched back to SCSS. I use it in my React, Vanilla JS, and Node apps. And it works seamlessly now with Webpack. That was not always the case in the past.
What I would do differently:
I would build this application using a framework or library. The first that comes to mind for me is React. As far as performance optimization regarding images, I would not necessarily simply look to compression or different image sizes for different screen widths embedded in non JSX html as my answer to image upload optimization. Some compression is necessary in the workflow, but dynamic imports of images into JS files and Webpack code splitting are definitely the way to go. I will be developing this app further, and those changes are on the horizon!